[FIXED] Error: NG0900: Error trying to diff '[object Object]'. Only arrays and iterables are allowed

Issue

Im currently developing the frontend part of a crud application. I was implementing lazy pagination when I got this error

Error: NG0900: Error trying to diff ‘[object Object]’. Only arrays and iterables are allowed

I have already looked into planty of questions with the same error, but I didn’t find any solutions

Obs: already tried using the pipe | keyvalue, didnt work

Here is a part of the object I’m passing to the pagination = cidades:

[
    {
        "id": 6,
        "nome": "Florianópolis",
        "qtdHabitantes": null,
        "estado": "SC"
    },
    ...
]

Here’s the service where i do the request:

import { HttpClient, HttpParams } from '@angular/common/http';
import { Injectable } from '@angular/core';
import { Observable } from 'rxjs';
import { environment } from 'src/environments/environment';
import { Pageable } from '../pageable';
import { RequestUtil } from '../request-util';
import { Cidade } from './cidade';
import { CidadeFiltro } from './cidadeFiltro';

@Injectable({
  providedIn: 'root'
})
export class CidadeService {

  apiUrl = environment.apiUrl;
  cidadesUrl = environment.slashApi + '/cidades';

  constructor(private http: HttpClient) { }

  listar(filtro: CidadeFiltro, pageable: Pageable): Observable<any>{
    const options = RequestUtil.buildOptions(Object.assign(filtro, pageable));
    return this.http.get<any>(`${this.cidadesUrl}`, options);
  }
  ...

My component.ts:

export class CidadesComponent implements OnInit, OnChanges {

  @ViewChild('grid') grid: any;

  cidades: any[] = [];

  estado = new Estado();

  estados = [];

  estadoSelected:any = '';

  filtro = new CidadeFiltro();
  pageable = new Pageable();

  totalRegistros = 0;

  @BlockUI('lista-cidades') blockUI!: NgBlockUI;

  constructor(private cidadeService:CidadeService, private messageService: MessageService ) { }

  ngOnChanges(changes: SimpleChanges): void {
    this.cidades = this.cidades
  }

  ngOnInit() {
    this.listar();
    this.estados = this.estado.estados;
  }

  listar(pagina:number = 0){
    this.blockUI.start();
    this.filtro.estado = this.estadoSelected.name;
    this.pageable.page = pagina;
    this.cidadeService.listar(this.filtro, this.pageable).pipe(finalize(() => this.blockUI.stop())).subscribe(data => {
      this.totalRegistros = data.totalElements;
      this.cidades = data.content;
    }),
    retry(3),
    catchError(error => {
      console.log('Não foi possível listar as cidades');
      return of(0);
    });
  }

And last my component.html

<div *blockUI="'lista-cidades'">
  <p-table [value]="cidades" #grid
    [lazy]="true" [totalRecords]="registros" (onLazyLoad)="aoMudarPagina($event)"
  [paginator]="true" [rows]="size" responsiveLayout="scroll">

    <ng-template pTemplate="emptymessage">
      <tr><td>Nenhuma cidade encontrada</td></tr>
    </ng-template>

    <ng-template pTemplate="header">
        <tr>
            <th>Nome</th>
            <th>Habitantes</th>
            <th>Estado</th>
            <th>Ações</th>
        </tr>
    </ng-template>

    <ng-template pTemplate="body" let-cidade>
        <tr>
            <td>{{cidade.nome}}</td>
            <td>{{cidade.qtdHabitantes | number}}</td>
            <td>{{cidade.estado}}</td>
            <td class="acoes">
              <button pButton icon="pi pi-pencil" pTooltip="Editar" tooltipPosition="top" [routerLink]="['/cidades', cidade.id]"></button>
              <button pButton class="p-button-danger" icon="pi pi-trash"  pTooltip="Excluir" tooltipPosition="top"
              (click)="deletar(cidade)"></button>
            </td>
        </tr>
    </ng-template>
  </p-table>
</div>

error log:

ERROR Error: NG0900: Error trying to diff '[object Object]'. Only arrays and iterables are allowed
    at DefaultIterableDiffer.diff (core.mjs:27502)
    at NgForOf.ngDoCheck (common.mjs:3170)
    at callHook (core.mjs:2552)
    at callHooks (core.mjs:2511)
    at executeCheckHooks (core.mjs:2443)
    at refreshView (core.mjs:9493)
    at refreshEmbeddedViews (core.mjs:10609)
    at refreshView (core.mjs:9508)
    at refreshComponent (core.mjs:10655)
    at refreshChildComponents (core.mjs:9280)

Can someone help me?

UPDATE
I have thinked about implementing this code in the listar() method:

listar(pagina:number = 0){
    this.blockUI.start();
    this.filtro.estado = this.estadoSelected.name;
    this.pageable.page = pagina;
    this.cidadeService.listar(this.filtro, this.pageable).pipe(finalize(() => this.blockUI.stop())).subscribe(data => {
      this.totalRegistros = data.totalElements;
      this.cidades.push(data.content);
      this.cidades = this.cidades[0];
      console.log(this.cidades)
    })

but then i get the error

ERROR TypeError: Cannot read properties of undefined (reading ‘push’)

And my list becomes empty

Solution

One thing that is popping up to me is that you’re using the any type.

Doing something in the service like return this.http.get<Cidades[]> would ensure that the response will be parsed to an array of Cidades and might let you know if something goes wrong there. (I can’t remember exactly if it throws if it can’t)

Take a look at Requesting a typed response

Also, use cidades: Cidades[] = []; instead, and you might see where the problem is, when something else is assigned.

Avoid as much as possible to use the type any or you’ll loose all the type safety and strange things might happen.

For instance, if something else that isn’t Cidades[] is assigned to this.cidades the compiler will complain in design time and you can see what’s going on.

Since I didn’t create a project with your code I don’t know exactly what the error is.

Answered By – rmjoia

Answer Checked By – Mary Flores (Easybugfix Volunteer)

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